See full list of Medical Services. Artificial insemination is the term used for the placement of sperm in the female reproductive tract by means other than intercourse. Artificial insemination with the husband's sperm can lead to a pregnancy for many infertile couples. Artificial insemination is often, but not exclusively, used to treat couples who are infertile because of a male factor.
What to know about artificial insemination
How to Inseminate at Home Using Donor Sperm - Seattle Sperm Bank
Artificial insemination is used to treat women who have normal and healthy fallopian tubes, but for unknown reasons cannot conceive. This may be due to mechanical difficulties with intercourse — for example a man is not able to achieve an erection or has structural problems of the penis after trauma or surgery. Sperm is retrieved from the male partner or a sperm donor and a solution with a high concentration of sperm is prepared. These sperm washing procedures are necessary to remove prostaglandins, infectious agents and antigenic proteins 1.
Artificial insemination AI is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female's cervix or uterine cavity for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through in vivo fertilization by means other than sexual intercourse. It is a fertility treatment for humans, and is common practice in animal breeding , including dairy cattle see Frozen bovine semen and pigs. Artificial insemination may employ assisted reproductive technology , sperm donation and animal husbandry techniques. Artificial insemination techniques available include intracervical insemination and intrauterine insemination.
Donor insemination is a fertility treatment that involves using a sperm donor to conceive. An estimated , insemination procedures are completed every year, with half of them being donor inseminations. However, the actual insemination rate is likely much higher. Because donor insemination in the United States is not tracked, getting the exact number of procedures and resulting births is currently impossible. Donor insemination may be the pathway you choose to build your family.