The rhinoceros belongs to the family Rhinocerotidae and includes four genera, five species and eleven subspecies. Only five species of rhinoceros are surviving in the word of which three species namely — the greater one-horned rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis , Javan rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus and Sumatran rhinoceros Rhinoceros sumatrensis are confined in Asia and two species namely — the black rhinoceros Diceros bicornis and white rhinoceros Ceratotherium simum in African continent. Greater one-horned rhino, also known as the Indian rhino lives in floodplain grassland and adjacent riverine forests of north Indian and southern Nepal. Belonging to the Rhinocerotidae family, rhinos are among the largest remaining megafauna. Characterized as odd-toed ungulate with single horn and armored skin, one-horned rhino lives on herbivorous diet.
Greater One - Horned Rhinoceros
Indian rhinoceros - Wikipedia
Are you Safe? If something has upset you, the Are you Safe? Indian Rhinoceros Location Map of Asia. Share This Article. Related Animals Black Rhinoceros Horns can grow to 1. Javan Rhinoceros Only has a 25cm long horn! Rhinoceros It's horns are made from keratin!
Once widespread across the entire northern part of the Indian sub-continent, rhino populations plummeted as they were hunted for sport or killed as agricultural pests. This pushed the species very close to extinction and by the start of the 20 th century, around wild greater one-horned rhinos remained. The recovery of the greater one-horned rhino is among the greatest conservation success stories in Asia.
There are three Asian rhino species, all of which have been pushed to the brink of extinction. The greater one-horned is slowly recovering thanks to years of succesful conservation efforts but the Sumatran and Javan rhinos remain at great risk. Poaching for their horns and habitat loss are the two greatest threats to the survival of Asia's remaining rhinos. Greater one-horned rhino Rhinoceros unicornis , Javan rhino R. The greatest threat to Asian rhino populations is poaching.